Provincial Finances of the Dutch Republic 1572-1795

 
English | Nederlands

Information in English and translations

For general information in English see:
link

For a provisional list with translations of revenue and expenditure entries as they are to be found in the database for the province of Holland in the eighteenth century see the Excel-file.

The part of the site called 'verzamelposten' (link) offers aggregations of several revenue or expenditure entries under collective headings, sometimes in accordance with categories in archival sources, sometimes constructed by the researchers in an attempt to summarize and make comparable the data for the different provinces. For a list of translations of the column headings for these aggregated data see below.


To get a quick impression of what this part of the site offers do as follows:

  • for 'Regio' choose 'Holland'

  • for 'Soort' choose 'inkomsten'

  • click 'zoek'

  • select all the available 'Verzamelposten' by ticking the small squares at the right-hand side of the screen under 'selecteer'

  • click 'toon de tabel met geselecteerde posten'

  • to see the next 50 years click on 'Volgende 50 resultaten'

  • NB 'download' (or select and copy to Excel) may not function properly if you do not use Internet Explorer as your browser!

  • clear.



List of translations (for an alphabetical list see below)


Overzicht van 'verzamelposten'

Overview of 'aggregated entries'

Regio

Region (province)

Alle gewesten

All (available) provinces

Soort

Sort

Alle soorten

All sorts (of aggregated data on the highest level)

inkomsten

revenue, income (taxes, loans and 'other')

uitgaven (general.)

expenditure by the provinces on behalf of the 'Generality' of the Dutch Republic (mainly war expenditure)

uitgaven (prov.)

provincial expenditure (interestpayments on the provincial debts and other provincial expenditure)

verrekenposten

(aggregated) entries by means of which totals can be consolidated, f.i. transfers among tax collectors, deficits, favourable balances

Zoek in de omschrijving

Find an (aggregated) entry containing the following term (NB it is not necessary to use this option)

Zoek

Find

[choose for 'Regio' 'Alle gewesten'; choose for 'Soort' 'inkomsten'; click ' zoek']

Volgende 40 resultaten

Show me the next 40 results

Verzamelposten

Aggregated entries

toon de tabel met geselecteerde posten

show me the table with the selected (aggregated) entries

Omschrijving

description

Regio

province

toon bedragen per jaar

show me the amounts per year

toon posten

show me the entries (as they occurred in the sources) that are subsumed under the heading of this aggregated entry

Belastingen op inkomsten en vermogen

Taxes on income and property

Subposten

Sub-entries (these entries should not be added to the totals because they are part of another (sub)total (f.i. because these specifications were only available for some years))

Directe belastingen op onroerend goed

Direct taxes on immoveable property

grondschatting

tax on land

Directe belastingen op verteringen

Direct taxes based on estimates of consumption of specified products (f.i. salt, coffee)

verpondingen

assessments, taxes on land and houses

Domeinen

Domains (property of the king that had been confiscated by the provincial governments after the Revolt)

geestelijke goederen

ecclesiastical property (property of the church and cloisters that had been confiscated by the provincial governments after the Revolt)

kloostergoederen

(confiscated) property of the cloisters

Gemene middelen

'Common means' (= what is called 'general means' in the other provinces: uniform taxes common to all cities and the countryside in the province of Holland levied by the States of Holland; mainly, but not only, indirect taxes)

Generale middelen

'General means' (=what is called 'common means' in Holland; the number of these taxes and the rates at which they were levied varied from province to povince; they were mainly, but not only indirect taxes)

Hoofdgeld

Poll tax, Capital tax

Leningen

Loans

[click ' volgende 40 resultaten' at the right-hand top of the table]

Niet nader ingedeelde middelen

Other (not categorized)revenue-entries

Overdrachtsbelastingen

Transfertaxes (collateral heritages or sale of immoveable property)

Overige inkomsten

Other revenue-entries

Overige ontvangsten

Other revenue-entries

Penningen op inkomsten en vermogen

Taxes on income and property

Renten en dividenden

Interests and dividends

Sloten van rekeningen en restanten

Balances and entries that were not realized in fact

Vacatures

Vacancies (salaries that had been mentioned among the expenditure-items but that had not been paid because the position had remained vacant)

Verkeersbelastingen

Taxes on traffic (includes f.i. tolls, but also the stamp tax)

Verkopingen

Sales (mainly of land from the domains and cloister-property)

[choose for 'Regio' 'Alle gewesten'; choose for 'Soort' 'uitgaven (general.)'; click ' zoek']

Aflossingen

Debt redemption (on loans negotiated by the 'Generality' of the Dutch Republic)

Defensie te lande

Defense on the ground

Defensie te water

Naval defense

Diversen

Sundries, miscellaneous

Interest(interessen), rente en aflossingen generaliteitsschuld

Interest payments and debt redemption (on loans negotiated by the 'Generality')

Legerlasten

Army expenditure

Materialen, goederen en diensten (voor zover gespecificeerd)

Expenditure on materials, goods and services for the army (as far as specified)

Oorlog ter zee

War at sea

Overige en ongespecificeerd

Other and not specified

Pensioenen en wachtgelden

Pensions and retaining fees (reduced pays for non-active military)

Rente en aflossingen

Interest payments and debt redemption

Subsidies (en andere betalingen )aan het buitenland

Subsidies (and other payments) to foreign states

Tractementen (en (lijf)pensioenen

Salaries (and (life)pensions

Troepen

Troops

[choose for 'Regio' 'Alle gewesten'; choose for 'Soort' 'uitgaven (prov.)'; click ' zoek']

Uitgaven (prov.)

Provincial expenditure

(lijf)pensioenen

(life)pensions

Aflossingen (op provinciale schuld)

Deb redemption (of provincial debt)

Diverse onkosten

Various expenses

Interest en rente op provinciale schuld

Interest payments on provincial debt

Interest, rente en aflossingen op provinciale schuld

Interest payments and debt redemption on provincial debt

Kosten administratie

Expenses (provincial) administration

Naar andere kantoren

To other tax-offices (to enable them to make all the payments that were charged on their office)

Overige en ongespecificeerd

Other and unspecified

Pensioenen

Pensions

Rantsoenpenningen

'Ration pennies' (= 5% of the 'general(common) means' spent on the poor, the churches and the expenses for tax collection

Remissien (= Remissies)

Acquits of taxes that proved to have been impossible to collect

Restanten en kortingen

Tax amounts that had not yet been collected (although they had been entered as revenue entries ) and reductions on tax revenue that had to be granted

Tractementen

Salaries of government officials



Alphabetical list of translations

Aflossingen (general.)

Debt redemption (on loans negotiated by the 'Generality' of the Dutch Republic)

Aflossingen (op provinciale schuld)

Debt redemption (of provincial debt)

Alle gewesten

All (available) provinces

Alle soorten

All sorts (of aggregated data on the highest level)

Belastingen op inkomsten en vermogen

Taxes on income and property

Defensie te lande

Defense on the ground

Defensie te water

Naval defense

Directe belastingen op onroerend goed

Direct taxes on immoveable property

Directe belastingen op verteringen

Direct taxes based on estimates of consumption of specified products (f.i. salt, coffee)

Diverse onkosten

Various expenses

Diversen

Sundries, miscellaneous

Domeinen

Domains (property of the king that had been confiscated by the provincial governments after the Revolt)

geestelijke goederen

ecclesiastical property (property of the church and cloisters that had been confiscated by the provincial governments after the Revolt)

Gemene middelen

'Common means' (= what is colled 'general means' in the other provinces: uniform taxes common to all cities and the countryside in the province of Holland levied by the States of Holland; mainly, but not only, indirect taxes)

Generale middelen

'General means' (=what is called 'common means' in Holland; the number of these taxes and the rates at which they were levied varied from province to povince; they were mainly, but not only indirect taxes)

grondschatting

tax on land

Hoofdgeld

Poll tax, Capital tax

inkomsten

revenue, income (taxes, loans and 'other')

Interest en rente op provinciale schuld

Interest payments on provincial debt

Interest(interessen), rente en aflossingen generaliteitsschuld

Interest payments and debt redemption (on loans negotiated by the 'Generality')

Interest, rente en aflossingen op provinciale schuld

Interest payments and debt redemption on provincial debt

Kloostergoederen

(confiscated) property of the cloisters

Kosten administratie

Expenses (provincial) administration

Legerlasten

Army expenditure

Leningen

Loans

(lijf)pensioenen

(life)pensions

Materialen, goederen en diensten (voor zover gespecificeerd)

Expenditure on materials, goods and services for the army (as far as specified)

Naar andere kantoren

To other tax-offices (to enable them to make all the payments that were charged on their office)

Niet nader ingedeelde middelen

Other (not categorized)revenue-entries

Omschrijving

description

Oorlog ter zee

War at sea

Overdrachtsbelastingen

Transfertaxes (collateral heritages or sale of immoveable property)

Overige en ongespecificeerd

Other and not specified

Overige en ongespecificeerd

Other and unspecified

Overige inkomsten

Other revenue-entries

Overige ontvangsten

Other revenue-entries

Overzicht van 'verzamelposten'

Overview of 'aggregated entries'

Penningen op inkomsten en vermogen

Taxes on income and property

Pensioenen

Pensions

Pensioenen en wachtgelden

Pensions and retaining fees (reduced pays for non-active military)

Rantsoenpenningen

'Ration pennies' (= 5% of the 'general(common) means' spent on the poor, the churches and the expenses for tax collection

Regio

Region (province)

Regio

province

Remissien (= Remissies)

Acquits of taxes that proved to have been impossible to collect

Rente en aflossingen

Interest payments and debt redemption

Renten en dividenden

Interests and dividends

Restanten en kortingen

Tax amounts that had not yet been collected (although they had been entered as revenue entries ) and reductions on tax revenue that had to be granted

Sloten van rekeningen en restanten

Balances and entries that were not realized in fact

Soort

Sort

Subposten

Sub-entries (these entries should not be added to the totals because they are part of another (sub)total (f.i. because these specifications were only available for some years))

Subsidies (en andere betalingen )aan het buitenland

Subsidies (and other payments) to foreign states

toon bedragen per jaar

show me the amounts per year

toon de tabel met geselecteerde posten

show me the table with the selected (aggregated) entries

toon posten

show me the entries (as they occurred in the sources) that are subsumed under the heading of this aggregated entry

Tractementen

Salaries of government officials

Tractementen (en (lijf)pensioenen

Salaries (and (life)pensions

Troepen

Troops

uitgaven (general.)

expenditure by the provinces on behalf of the 'Generality' of the Dutch Republic (mainly war expenditure)

uitgaven (prov.)

provincial expenditure (interestpayments on the provincial debts and other provincial expenditure)

Uitgaven (prov.)

Provincial expenditure

Vacatures

Vacancies (salaries that had been mentioned among the expenditure-items but that had not been paid because the position had remained vacant)

Verkeersbelastingen

Taxes on traffic (includes f.i. tolls, but also the stamp tax)

Verkopingen

Sales (mainly of land from the domains and cloister-property)

verpondingen

assessments, taxes on land and houses

verrekenposten

(aggregated) entries by means of which totals can be consolidated, f.i. transfers among tax collectors, deficits, favourable balances

Verzamelposten

Aggregated entries

Volgende 40 resultaten

Show me the next 40 results

Zoek

Find

Zoek in de omschrijving

Find an (aggregated) entry containing the following term (NB it is not necessary to use this option)